Favourable Conservation Status (FCS)
According to the EU Habitats Directive,
Conservation status of a natural habitat means the sum of the influences acting on a natural habitat and its typical species that may affect its long term natural distribution, structure and functions as well as the long term survival of its typical species within the territory referred to in Article 2.
The conservation status of a natural habitat will be taken as 'favourable' when:
Conservation status of a species means the sum of the influences acting on the species concerned that may affect the long-term natural distribution and abundance of its populations within the territory referred to in Article 2;
The conservation status will be taken as 'favourable' when:
Guidance from the European Commission1 indicates that the Directive intends FCS to be applied at the level of an individual site, as well as to habitats and species across their European range. Therefore, in order to properly express the aims of the Habitats Directive for an individual site, the conservation objectives for a site are essentially to maintain (or restore) the habitats and species of the site at (or to) FCS.
1 . European Commission (2000). Managing Natura 2000 sites: the provisions of Article 6 of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC. DGXI, Brussels, p.18. (http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/nature/legis.htm)